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Xiang Jingyu: The Only Woman among the CPC Founding Members

Xiang Jingyu (1895-1928), one of the earliest members of the Communist Party of China, was born on 4 September, 1895 in Xupu county, Huaihua district in Hunan province. In 1919 she joined [新民学会Xīnmín xuéhuì or Xinmin Society] New People’s Society along with Mao Zedong and Cai Hesen. In 1922 she became a member of the CPC. Following the 2nd CPC Party Congress in July 1922, the party Central Committee appointed Xiang as the first director of the Chinese Communist Women’s Bureau and the first woman member of the Central Committee. She sacrificed her life at the young age of only 33. In 1936, Mao Zedong declared Xiang to be the “only women founder-member” of the Party.Xiang Jingyu (1895-1928), one of the earliest members of the Communist Party of China, was born on 4 September, 1895 in Xupu county, Huaihua district in Hunan province. In 1919 she joined [新民学会Xīnmín xuéhuì or Xinmin Society] New People’s Society along with Mao Zedong and Cai Hesen. In 1922 she became a member of the CPC. Following the 2nd CPC Party Congress in July 1922, the party Central Committee appointed Xiang as the first director of the Chinese Communist Women’s Bureau and the first woman member of the Central Committee. She sacrificed her life at the young age of only 33. In 1936, Mao Zedong declared Xiang to be the “only women founder-member” of the Party.

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