The main focus areas in international relations include security studies, strategic affairs and foreign policy. Public health has mostly been peripheral in international relations and has been limited to being a domestic policy concern. More recently, however, there is an acknowledgement of health as an important domain of international relations (Labonté and Gagnon 2010; Feldbaum et al 2010). In the context of a globalised world, health has received much attention especially due to rise in the incidence of infectious diseases and threats posed by transnational disease epidemics.It is often argued that a healthy population contributes to stability and security both nationally and globally. Global health security pursues a multilateral and multi-sectoral approach to strengthen global capacities and nations’ capacities to prevent, detect and respond to diseases. Therefore, the scope of global health security recognises the need for regional co-operation in order to avert pandemics andsecure neighbouring nations from infectious diseases.
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