Nehru’s stand on PRC and the Security Council in the 1950s and 60s has perplexed and dismayed many. Why did Nehru advocate that PRC be allowed to function as a Permanent Member of the Security Council at a time when the ROC held the seat? Existing explanations point at various factors: his naivety, his desire to appease PRC, and his quest for stronger pan-Asian bonds based on anti-colonialism. Many have, thus, highlighted the “justice” dimension in Nehru’s stand on the issue – that Nehru’s thinking and actions on PRC were guided by his deep ethical commitment, at the cost of strategic imperatives. This presentation posits that it was not Nehru’s desire for justice, but order that led him to support PRC. His appreciation of power and the role that it played in IR led him to advocate PRC’s cause as regards the Security Council. For Nehru, PRC was not just an Asian country that had been wronged by the West but rather it was an Asian great power that had to be accommodated in the global power structure. Not accommodating it would lead to instability to the international system.
About the Speaker
Dr. Nabarun Roy is Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations, South Asian University, New Delhi. He did his PhD from Carleton University, Canada. He is interested in theories of International Relations (English School and Realism), Indian foreign policy, great power politics, and wars in international relations. His research has been published in journals like the International History Review, Diplomacy and Statecraft, and the Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs. He has also written for popular IR journals such as National Interest and The Diplomat.
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