The problems of land development in India and China can be partly ascribed to the hegemony of compulsory land acquisition by the state over other approaches. The latter has been marginalized and deprived of adequate attention for their potentials to provide alternatives to the dominant Land Acquisition model. In this article, a matrix formulated by two dimensions, participation and benefit-sharing, is developed and applied to categorize both the dominant practice and the sporadic experiments. It holds that the paradigm of land acquisition as the prevailing model for land development should be broken. Various development models are applicable under thoughtful examination of the purposes, the profitability of projects and the local social capitals. Multiple land development approaches do exist in both countries, but legal support and more flexible land development framework should be created and sustained for more inclusive development in either countries.
About the Speaker
Dr. HUANG Yinghong(黄迎虹) is Associate Professor at Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat. He received his B.A. from Xiamen University, China, and M.A. & Ph.D from Sun Yat-sen University, China. He taught in the School of International Relations, Sun Yat-sen University from 2010 till 2019, and has been Visiting Scholar at the Harvard Yenching Institute (2017-2018), Senior Visiting Scholar at the Asia Research Institute of the National University of Singapore (2014), and Visiting Scholar at Jadavpur University (2015), Delhi University (2008 & 2011), and the Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi (2013). He has also served as an emerging scholar at the India-China Institute of The New School (2014). Dr. Huang’s scholarly interests include Gandhian Satyagraha, comparative political studies of India and China, and Sino-Indian relations. He is co-editor of a translation project titled 'Selected Works of Mahatma Gandhi' to be published in China, and has several publications on land acquisition issues in journals, including China Report.
About the Chair
Partha Mukhopadhyay joined CPR in 2006. He was previously part of the founding team at the Infrastructure Development Finance Company (IDFC), focusing on private participation in infrastructure. In previous positions, he has been with the Export Import Bank of India, the World Bank in Washington, and faculty at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Xavier Labour Relations Institute, Jamshedpur and the School of Planning and Architecture in Delhi. He is a Honorary Fellow of the Institute for Chinese Studies, Delhi and also serves on the Scientific Advisory Council of LIRNEasia, Colombo. He received his PhD in economics from New York University and an MA and M.Phil from the Delhi School of Economics. He was one of the inaugural Fellows of the India China Institute, New School, New York, and has also been selected for a Residency at the Bellagio Center of the Rockefeller Foundation. His research interests are in urbanisation, infrastructure, and the development paths of India and China.
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